Cartilage may be a dense animal tissue found within the knee where it provides a protective surface. it’s composed of cells called chondrocytes. Unlike other tissues, articular cartilage doesn’t contain blood vessels and thus has poor regenerative qualities. Injury to the articular cartilage of the knee are often the results of trauma, meniscal knee surgery where some or all the mensicus was removed and other sources. Osteoarthrits may be a common condition of cartilage failure that ends up in limited range of motion, possible bone damage and pain.
Until recetnly the sole treatment options included non-surgical treatments and knee cartilage surgery. wanting total knee replacement sugery,the most common knee cartilage surgery was microfracture.
Microfracture is an arthroscopic knee surgerywhere the calcified cartilage is removed and tiny fractures are created within the bone with an surgical pic. There are a series of limiations to the present procedure and it’s been found to be less effective in patients who are older, overweight and have cartilage damage larger the two.5cm. except for the knee surgery pain, the foremost significant drawback is that the must air crutches for 4-6 weeks additionally to daily physiotherapy.
The newest and fewer invasive option for the treatment of damaged knee cartilage is that the use of autologous mesenchymal somatic cell. a broadcast case report demonstrated successful cartilage growth in human knees using this somatic cell therapy. Unlike knee cartilage sugery,this procedure is performed employing a small needle that’s directed under x-ray into the affected area. Recovery time is significantly different in this after 5-7 days the patient is in a position connected weight on the affected limb without crutches.
–Centeno Schultz .org